Is Music Permitted in Islaam? – Dr Zakir Naik Ep_07_17
Yusuf Chambers: Many Muslims consider music to be allowed. Could you just confirm did the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) speak against Music?
Dr. Zakir: There is a great difference of opinion as far as the Muslims are considered whether Music is allowed or not whether it is permitted or not but there is no verse in the Quran directly prohibiting music but there are indications.
Allah says in the Quran in Surah Luqman ch. no. 31 verse no. 6 says that
“Among them there are those people who purchase idle tales without knowledge and without meaning and they mislead the people away from the path of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) and they ridicule the path of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) these are the people who receive a humiliating punishment”
So based on this if you see the Tafseer, many of the Tafseer say that this idle tales without knowledge, without meaning refers to unislamic songs and the musical instruments, if you read the Tafseer.
As far as the Prophet prohibiting music there are various Sahih Hadith. So if you read the Hadith of Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) then there will be no doubt that there will be doubt whether its permitted or prohibited. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said its mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 7 (Book of Drinks) Hadith no. 5590 the beloved Prophet said that
“From among my followers there will be among my followers there will be some people who will make illicit sex i.e. adultery and fornication as well as wearing of silk, drinking intoxicants and using musical instruments as legal”
There will be among my people who will make some things which are illegal i.e. adultery, fornication, wearing of silk, having intoxicants and the playing of musical instruments as legal.
Now this Hadith when it says that they will make certain things legal and we know that intoxicants is haraam, we know very well that adultery, fornication is haraam because it is mentioned along with these things which are forbidden, musical instruments are mentioned along with them, it indicates that the Prophet has prohibited them but some people will make it legal.
And we know there are some scholars who today do permit that playing of musical instruments is allowed. So this Hadith is very clear cut in saying that musical instruments are haraam. But there are other Sahih Hadith which do permit some musical instruments especially the Duff that’s tambourine. If you read the Hadith if our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) of Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 5 (Book of Maghaazi) Hadith no. 4001 where it is said that
“Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) after consummating his marriage, he came and sat outside along with one of the Sahabas when 2 small girls were playing the tambourine i.e. the Duff and they were praising that Sahaba, his father how he died in Jihaad and when they started praising the Prophet, he said don’t praise me you can say what you were saying earlier”
Indicating that the Prophet did not prohibit them from playing the tambourine...